Doctors educated within the EU/EEA or Switzerland
Licence to practise
In order to practice medicine in Sweden you need to obtain a Swedish medical license. If you already have a license to practice from your country of residence, you can have it validated in Sweden. It is the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare (Socialstyrelsen), that will assess your academic and clinical background. You can read all the details about the process on their web page.
You also need to have at least level C1 in the Swedish, Danish or Norwegian language before you can work in Sweden.
The Professional Qualifications Directive; 2005/36/EC, came into force in 2007 and aims at facilitating the mobility of skilled workers to other EU countries and making the European labour market more flexible. Among the EU member states, the Directive provides for the mutual recognition of medical qualifications on basic training level as well as specialty level without the requirement of special conditions of additional training other than language skills.
Recognition of specialist qualification
Specialty training (postgraduate training) in Sweden is composed of hospital services in a subordinate position under full professional responsibility. In Sweden, the clinical training of medical doctors towards specialist competence is the responsibility of the public health providers, i.e. the county councils, not the universities. Consequently, there are no courses at the faculty of medicine leading to a specialty degree.
The current duration of the speciality training is in all specialities a minimum of 5 years. After July 1, 2020, you also need to complete a mandatory introductory training period before the specialty training (minimum of 6 months).
If you already have a certificate of specialist qualification from another EU/EEA country, you need to apply for recognition of your specialist qualifications .
Practicing medicine also entails a responsibility to have sufficient knowledge of the Swedish language and to be familiar with Swedish legislation in within the health care sector.
Language courses designed for health care professionals
There are some language courses designed exclusively for healthcare personnel.
In Uppsala: Svenska för medicinsk personal
In Stockholm: Svenska för medicinsk personal
In Gothenburg: Svenska för vårdpersonal
In Lund: SFI för medicinsk personal
Swedish for immigrants (SFI)
Swedish for immigrants (SFI) is organised by the the municipalities. It is required that you have a residence permit and you have to be registered in the municipality.
Citizens from the EU/EEA or Switzerland
As a citizen in the EU/EEA and Switzerland you have the right to work in Sweden without a work permit or a residence permit. The same applies for your family members. You and your family members have the right to start working immediately. If you want to stay longer than three months you have to register at the Swedish Migration Board.